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Reading (Part 2)

Problems with reading comprehension, while still common in dyslexia, are not quite as common as problems with decoding, word recognition, or fluency. The most characteristically “dyslexic” source of difficulty with reading comprehension would come from having so much trouble identifying the words in a passage that the meaning of the passage becomes jumbled. But comprehension […]

Reading (Part 1)

Dyslexia is usually defined as a disorder of reading; but not all problems with reading are due to dyslexia, and most people with dyslexia don’t struggle with all aspects of reading. The most common and characteristic dyslexia-associated reading problem is learning to decode words quickly and accurately. Difficulty recognizing words that have often been encountered […]

Basic Skills (Part 2)

When thinking about the problems with basic academic skills that people with dyslexia often have, it’s important to recognize that these problems usually don’t stop at the arbitrary boundaries of “reading and spelling” that the diagnosis of dyslexia implies. Many dyslexic people find various “basic skills” aspects of writing difficult, including handwriting, punctuation, capitalization, and […]

Basic Skills (Part 1)

It’s important to recognize that for people with dyslexia, academic challenges arise mostly from problems mastering low-level basic skills. These basic skills are supported in part by centers of the brain that specialize in creating automatic, habitual, or reflex like responses to inputs, and these kinds of automatic responses are typically less easily mastered by […]

Mastery (Part 2)

Most dyslexic students can read to some degree. Some love to read, read a lot, and may comprehend relatively well. Almost always, though, they read slowly, have problems decoding new or unfamiliar words, and are poor spellers. And if they haven’t truly mastered reading to the level of their general mental ability, despite receiving appropriate […]

Fluent (Part 1)

In the context of reading, the term fluency means the ability to read accurately and quickly. Reading at a certain speed is necessary to grasp the meaning of a text. It’s like riding a bicycle: you have to reach a certain speed to make it work. Don’t ignore fluency. Decoding and fluency are both are […]

Reading, Dyslexia, Homeschooling, and COVID-19

How COVID-19 has impacted struggling readers—and their parents The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted our normal lives, roles and routines in countless ways. One important change is that it has led many parents to become far more involved in their children’s educations. For many parents this closer involvement has led to surprising—and sometimes concerning—discoveries. They’ve noticed […]